Austerlitz Monument Of Peace

On December 2, 1805, The French Army led by Napoleon encountered the armies of Austria and Russia at the battlefield North of Pratecký Hill, just Southeast of present day Brno in the Czech Republic. Napoleon won a decisive victory over the much larger opposing forces and the outcome of the battle at Austerlitz changed the course of European history.

The Austerlitz Monument

Today you find the Mohyla Miru, Tumulus Of Peace or Mound Of Peace on the Pratecký Hill, commemorating the Battle Of Austerlitz. It was designed by Architect Fanta from Prague in 1910-11 and built in 1912, at the initiative of a local priest, P. Alois Slovák, and a local committee.

The Austerlitz Monument seen from the Southwest

Austerlitz is the German name of the location, the Czech name is Slavkov, the name of a village just South of the Monument of Peace and the Austerlitz Battleground.

Plaque about the Monument of Peace at Austerlitz

The text on the plaques is in German, Russian, French and Czech and says: "In remembrance of the Austrian, Russian and French soldiers that fell at Austerlitz on December 2, 1805."

The chapel inside the Austerlitz Monument

The inside of the Monument Of Peace is a chapel. A service is conducted in the chapel each year on December 2 in honor of the many soldiers that gave their lives in the Battle Of Austerlitz.

The Mohyla Miru or Monument of Peace seen from the South

The Austrian Emperor Franz II and the Russian Tzar Alexander I were both on Pratecký Hill at the beginning of the battle, which is also known as the Battle Of The Three Emperors. In 1805 the hill was not covered with trees but completely bare, and an excellent observation and command position.

The top decoration of the Myhyla Miru or Monument of Peace at Austerlitz

The hill was occupied by Russian soldiers from Kamensky's Column and Kolowrat's Division. During the Battle the hill was taken by the French Saint-Hilair's Division Thiébaults, Varé's and Levaseuer's columns at 11.00 or 11AM. The Austrian General Jircik and his soldiers fought a gallant battle in the defence of the hill but General Jircik was wounded and died from his injuries, and the French forces prevailed and took the hill.

A decoration of the Monument of Peace at Austerlitz - notice the year 1805 in gold figures

The Battle Of Austerlitz is the case of an overconfident numerically superior force defeated through a combination of excellent tactics by Napoleon and use of local weather: There was a thick fog at the morning of the battle which Napoleon used to his advantage and moved troops around the battlefield unseen by the Austro-Russian forces. The Battle Of Austerlitz is considered Napoleon's greatest victory.

The actual battlefield at Austerlitz

The fields North of the Monument Of Peace is the actual battleground of the Austerlitz Battle. Today there is a small museum and a cafe just East of the monument as well as the Monument Of Peace.

The village of Place just North of the Austerlitz battlefiled

The village of Place is still located just North of the battleground at the foot of the hill.

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